• Menu
  • Menu
Bild: VSTK / shutterstock

Kos – The Greek island is becoming more and more popular

Kos is a Mediterranean island in the eastern Aegean Sea. Visitors to the island, which is only 290 square meters in size, can expect many sunny days, beautiful sandy beaches and numerous sights. Kos lives mainly from tourism, so there is a lot of emphasis on the environment on the island. The wastewater is cleaned by biological sewage treatment plants and the beaches are cleaned regularly.

Nature, hiking and cycling in Kos

Kos, Asklepieion
Asklepieion of Kos, Image: George Papapostolou / shutterstock

In the south of Kos, the 846-meter-high mountain Dikeos invites you to hike. It is the highest mountain on the island and rewards hikers after the ascent with a really great view of Kos and the neighboring islands.

Cyclists also feel at home on the island, as there are many well-developed cycle paths that lead along the coast or past almond trees, olives, lemon slopes and grape groves. Wild figs along the way are good for a small snack during the bike tour. Bicycles can be rented on the island for little money.

On the eastern south coast is the Embros Therme. From a crevice, almost 50 degrees hot sulphur water, which is said to have a healing effect, flows into a pool of about 30 square meters. A bath in the 30 – 40 degree warm rock pool is very relaxing.

Interesting links about Kos

Sights in Kos

Asklapieon

Kos has numerous culturally interesting sights to offer. Not far from the capital is the main attraction of the island, the Asklapieon (ancient Greek sanatorium). It was named after Asclepius, the ancient Greek god of healing. The impressive complex is made up of several terraced levels, which are connected to each other by mighty marble staircases.

The Basilica of Kapama

Kos, Kavo Paradiso Beach
Kavo Paradiso Beach, Image: George Papapostolou / shutterstock

The small town of Zipari is located about 11 kilometers from the town of Kos. Here is the Basilica of Kapama, which was excavated in the summer of 1936. It is interesting because of its baptistery. Interesting mosaics can be seen on the floor of the basilica.

The Market Hall in Kos Town

To the south of Platia Eleftherias is a market hall built by the Italians in 1934. Inside there are countless small stalls with fresh fruit and vegetables, but there are also many culinary offerings that do not come directly from the island of Kos.

Paleo Pyli

In the north of Kos is the ruins of an old castle complex embedded in an abandoned village. Paleo Pyli is one of the famous sights on the Greek island. It is believed that the romantic castle dates back to the 11th century. Today, the place looks partly like a ghost town, because many houses have unfortunately fallen into disrepair. But some buildings can still be visited. For example, the churches of Panagía ton Kastrianón and Asómati Taxiárches Gavriíl ke Miachaíl, built in the 11th century.

See also  Slovenia: Diversity of forests, mountain landscapes and coastal life

Peacock Forest Plaka Kos

Even from afar you can hear the calls of the peacocks from the peacock forest Plaka Kos. About 50 wild peacocks, turtles and free-roaming cats live in this pine forest. The peacocks are tame and like to be fed by visitors. There are tables and benches in the area that invite you to have a picnic in the middle of nature. A visit to the Peacock Forest is a great experience for the whole family.

The Alikes Salt Lake

On the northern coast is the famous salt lake Alikes. The former large salt works were closed in the middle of the 20th century. Since then, nature has reclaimed the area and has now been declared a nature reserve. A wide variety of wild or waterfowl have settled in this area to breed or spend the winter. Pink flamingos can also be observed at the salt lake.

The plane tree of Hippocrates

In Kos Town stands the plane tree of Hippocrates, it is said to be several hundred years old. According to reports, Hippocrates taught his students under this plane tree.

Beaches in Kos

There are sandy and pebble beaches on Kos. The beaches of Kephalos in the southwest of the island or the beach of Tigaki, which can be found in the north of Kos, are recommended. There are fine sandy beaches and crystal clear waters. The way to Cavo Paradiso is a bit more difficult, but the beach is not overcrowded. The quiet sandy beach of Lagada Beach is well suited for a family holiday, as the beach here slopes gently into the sea.

Kos, Kefalos Bay
Kefalos Bay, Image: Maciej Czekajewski / shutterstock

Divers and snorkelers can observe colourful lionfish in the crevices in Kardamena at a depth of four metres. Caves, rocky reefs and gorges are home to wrasses and octopuses. At the “Blue Hole” there are four shipwrecks on the seabed, which should be interesting for divers.

Greek cuisine

Well-known Greek specialties such as souvláki, moussaká or gyros are also available at the Greek home. Therefore, you should definitely try the diverse Greek dishes. On Kos, people like to eat offal and hearty pork dishes.

Typical dishes in Kos:

Sikóti – liver, often from veal, but also from chicken, lamb or pork
Margirítsa – the Greeks like to eat this slightly sour soup during the Easter Vigil. It consists of the innards of the lamb that is eaten at Easter
Revithokéftedes – potato pancakes or balls made from chickpeas
Ksismata – wheat bread kneaded with grated Myzithra cheese and herbs
Kokorétsi – offal wrapped in natural casing and grilled on a skewer
Oúzo – Anise schnapps and the alcoholic national drink of the Greeks. You drink pure, diluted with a little water or with ice.

See also  Andalusia - on Moorish paths in the home of light

Weather in Kos

Like many other Greek islands, Kos can reach peak temperatures of over 40° C. Rain is hardly to be expected between May and the end of October. The holiday season starts in May and ends in October. Most holidaymakers are on Kos from mid-June to mid-September.

Facts about Kos

  1. Location: Kos is an island in the southern Aegean Sea and belongs to the Dodecanese archipelago.
  2. Size: The island has an area of about 290 square kilometers, making it the third largest island in the Dodecanese.
  3. Population: The population of Kos is around 33,000 inhabitants, with most living in the main town of Kos Town.
  4. History: Kos has a long history dating back to ancient times. The island was known for its medical school, which was founded by Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine.
  5. Sights: Some of the most famous sights in Kos include the Asklepieion, an ancient medical site, the Neratzia Fortress, the Roman Odeon, the Plane Tree of Hippocrates (a tree said to have been planted by Hippocrates), and the Knights of St. John’s Fortress.
  6. Beaches: Kos has many beautiful beaches, including Tigaki Beach, Mastichari Beach, and Kefalos Beach.
  7. Climate: Kos has a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and hot summers. The best time to visit is from May to October.
  8. Tourism: Kos is a popular tourist destination and attracts many tourists every year, especially from Germany and the UK.
  9. Transport: The island is easily accessible by ferries and flights from Athens and other Greek islands. On the island itself, there are also buses, taxis and rental cars for getting around.
  10. Culinary: The cuisine of Kos offers many delicious specialties such as taramasalata, souvlaki, moussaka, baklava and the local wine “Aspro”.

The most beautiful beaches in Kos

  1. Tigaki Beach – Located on the north coast of Kos, this beach is one of the most famous beaches on the island. The beach is about 10 km long and offers fine, golden sand and crystal clear waters. There are many facilities such as restaurants, bars, sunbeds and umbrellas.
  2. Paradise Beach – Paradise Beach is another beautiful beach in Kos that is located in the southwest of the island. It is a secluded beach that can only be reached by boat or via a steep path. The beach offers fine white sand and crystal clear waters.
  3. Kefalos Beach – Kefalos Beach is one of the longest beaches on Kos and is located in the southwest of the island. The beach is surrounded by picturesque mountains and cliffs and offers fine golden sand and crystal clear waters. There are many facilities such as restaurants, bars and water sports facilities.
  4. Mastichari Beach – Mastichari Beach is a beautiful sandy beach on the north coast of Kos. The beach is not as crowded as other beaches on the island and offers crystal clear waters and picturesque views of the surrounding islands.
  5. Psalidi Beach – Located near Kos Town, Psalidi Beach is a popular beach among locals and tourists. The beach offers fine sand and crystal clear waters, as well as facilities such as restaurants and bars.