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Die Türkei ist ein vielfältiges Reiseland, Bild: muratart / shutterstock

The most popular destinations in Turkey

Turkey is a very interesting and diverse travel destination. Whether you want to spend a beach holiday by the sea, explore the unique nature or visit famous historical sites, Turkey offers the opportunity to do so. It is simply impossible to list all the interesting destinations of the large country between Orient and Occident. But here are some Turkey travel tips for Turkey vacationers:

1. The Turkish Riviera

Turkish Riviera
The turquoise coast on the Turkish Riviera, Image: Bahadir Yeniceri / shutterstock

The south coast of Turkey on the Mediterranean Sea is certainly the number 1 holiday destination for German holidaymakers in Turkey.
The stretch of coastline known as the Turkish Riviera
is located between the cities of Kemer in the west and Alanya in the east with the provincial capital Antalya in the middle. It consists of almost 1000 kilometers of coastline and is characterized by a particularly favorable climate with mild winters and not too hot summers.

Palm trees, orange, lemon and pomegranate trees grow here, and in spring the whole region is a sea of flowers. Another plus point are the beaches, which are often fine sandy and wide here. And while you splash around in the warm Mediterranean Sea, the snow-capped peaks of the Taurus Mountains, which are up to 3,000 meters high , can be seen almost “within reach”. But if you are on holiday here, you will also find a real treasure trove of archaeological sights that you will stumble upon practically at every turn. There are the ruins of the ancient castle Ic Kale high above the city of Alanya, the well-preserved remains of the large amphitheater of Aspendos near the city of Manavgat and the small town of Side, once an important ancient port city and today a lively open-air museum with many well-preserved ruins and open excavation sites in the middle of which modern life takes place.

See also  Side – Beach holiday on the Turkish Riviera

2. Turkey’s Aegean Coast

Turkey’s Aegean coast is located in the west and southwest of Turkey, stretching from Izmir in the north to Mugla in the south. This stretch of coast is a bit wilder, rockier and greener than the Turkish Riviera. Countless bays cut deep into the country and there are many offshore islands but also very beautiful sandy beaches, for example in Marmaris, Fethye, Kuşadası and Çeşme. The archaeological highlight of this region is the huge excavation site of Ephesus. In ancient times, the city was one of the most important cities in Asia Minor. Its remains are visited annually by several hundred thousand tourists from all over the world.

3. Cappadocia

Cappadocia is a region in Central Anatolia that cannot be found anywhere else in the world and was formed by two mighty extinct volcanoes, Erciyes Dağı and Hasan Dağı. Their eruptions threw a lot of ash onto the area, from which a light tuff rock solidified over time. This rock was eroded and washed out by wind and rain or carved by humans, creating a landscape that looks like a fairytale world or an alien world.

Steine Cappadocia, Turkey
Cappadocia offer stunning nature, Image: Andrew Mayovskyy / shutterstock

There are the strangest stone formations, “fairy chimneys”, churches carved into the stone, houses and stables, even entire underground cities, cave hotels and restaurants. Special highlights of the region around the cities of Nevşehir, Niğde, Aksaray, Kırşehir and Kayseri are the Göreme Open-Air Museum, Uchisar Castle and the underground cities of Kaymakli and Derinkuyu, which are up to 10 stories deep and where up to 10,000 people found shelter and which were uncovered a few decades ago. In Cappadocia, balloon rides are often offered, during which the almost unearthly landscape comes into its own.

4. Istanbul

Istanbul, Ortaköy Mosque
The Ortaköy Mosque in Istanbul, Image: muratart / shutterstock

Istanbul is the only city in the world that sits on two continents and is a melting pot of history and cultures. In Istanbul there are influences of the Romans, Greeks, Byzantines and Ottomans, holy places of Christians and Muslims. It is a city like from 1001 Nights with its magnificent palaces and its mosques, but at the same time it is also a cosmopolitan city with elegant buildings in the style of the 19th century, with modern high-rise buildings made of concrete and glass, with great hotels, trendy cafes and restaurants, with modern shopping temples and at the same time with a huge bazaar and picturesque neighborhoods, where most of the houses are still made of wood.

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The city of 15 million inhabitants resembles a puzzle of many different cities. A highlight of a trip to Istanbul is certainly a trip on the Bosphorus, which connects the Black Sea with the Mediterranean Sea and separates Europe from Asia. It is one of the busiest sea routes in the world, where many small ships, boats and ferries sail in addition to huge tankers. On the shores of the Golden Horn, an arm of the Bosphorus, there are very beautiful promenades and several large parks.

5. Turkey’s Black Sea Region

It is not yet so well known among Western and Central European tourists, rather a kind of insider tip, but also very attractive and a popular holiday area for Turks. This region is characterized by wooded mountains, alpine pastures and mountain huts, hazelnut groves and tea plantations, by small fishing villages with partly still lonely beaches and secluded bays. One of the most popular seaside resorts in the west of the Black Sea region and easily accessible from Istanbul (about 50 kilometers away) is Sile, a small coastal town with beautiful sandy beaches. The small quiet seaside resorts of Kilyos and Riva on the Black Sea near the mouth of the Bosphorus are also very pretty.