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Mykene, Bild: RODKARV / shutterstock

Mycenae – Unesco World Heritage Site

Mycenae, a city on the Peloponnese Peninsula in Greece, is a place of great historical and archaeological importance. The city is known for its connection to ancient Greek mythology and its impressive ruins that attract visitors from all over the world.

Mycenae was founded in the 2nd millennium BC and developed into a thriving city during the 14th and 13th centuries BC. It was the center of the Mycenaean Empire, which was one of the most powerful forces in the Eastern Mediterranean at the time. The city also played an important role in Greek mythology and was the hometown of King Agamemnon, one of the main characters in Homer’s epic “The Iliad”.
Today, Mycenae is known for its archaeological remains, which are located on a hill near the modern city of Mycenae. The ruins include the remains of the city walls, the Tholos tombs and the famous Lion’s Gate. The Lion’s Gate is the symbol of the city and Mycenaean culture and depicts two lions standing upright and guarding the entrance to the city.

Acropolis of Mycenae

Lion's Gate Mycenae
The Lion’s Gate, Image: Vineyard Perspective / shutterstock

One of the most impressive features of Mycenae is the Acropolis, which is located on the hill above the city. The Acropolis was the religious and political center of the city and contains remains of temples, palaces, and residential buildings. Visitors can explore the remains of the Palace of Agamemnon, which is said to have stood near the Lion’s Gate.

Another important attraction in Mycenae are the Tholos tombs, which originate from the 14th and 13th centuries BC. These tombs are impressive round buildings with a dome and were built for important personalities of the Mycenaean culture. The most famous of these tombs is the so-called Treasury of Atreus, which is considered one of the most impressive structures of Mycenaean architecture.

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In addition to the archaeological remains, Mycenae also offers a picturesque setting surrounded by olive groves and vineyards. The city is close to the coast and offers visitors the opportunity to enjoy the beaches and crystal clear waters of the Mediterranean Sea.

The remains of the city and the mythological connections make Mycenae one of the most significant places in Greek history.