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Die Pyramiden von Gizeh, Bild: AlexAnton / shutterstock

Giza – The City of Ancient Royal Tombs

Giza could be the right destination if you want to combine your holiday with art and culture. This Egyptian city of millions on the west bank of the Nile is part of the Cairo metropolitan region and captivates many visitors every year with breathtaking attractions and sights. But what makes this historic region so appealing?

Giza at a glance & tips on how to get there

Front view of the Sphinx, Giza
Front view of the Sphinx, Image: AlexAnton / shutterstock

With over 4 million inhabitants, Giza is the third largest city in Egypt and is particularly close to Cairo at a distance of around 20 km. This makes this fascinating destination ideal for a city trip. If, on the other hand, you prefer a beach holiday in Hurghada , you can also choose from a day tour. However, an arrival and departure time of at least 4 hours per trip must be expected. The journey time from Cairo to Giza, on the other hand, is only 15 minutes. Giza is known to most people mainly because of its ancient Egyptian royal tombs, temples and pyramids. Many tourists also think of the fascinating monument of the Sphinx of Giza when they mention the place. To enter the plateau of the pyramids, however, an entrance fee must be expected. For some guided tours, however, these are already included in the price. There are also separate costs for entering the pyramids.

The Pyramids & the Sphinx of Giza

The venerable Pyramids of Giza are not only considered one of the most famous sights in the suburb, but are even one of the highlights of all of Egypt. So if you want to be captivated by the oldest preserved buildings of mankind, you should definitely plan a trip to this amazing wonder of the world.

The masterpieces, built between 2620 and 2500 BC, are only about 15 kilometers west of Cairo and about eight kilometers away from the city of Giza. The most famous and largest pyramid of the Pyramids of Giza is the Pyramid of Cheops, which is believed to have been built from around 3 million stone blocks. But the Pyramid of Khafre, clad in limestone slabs, is also a real eye-catcher.

From the Pyramid of Khafren, you can also head for another monumental highlight: the Sphinx. This majestically built sculpture has been towering over the Giza plateau for 4,000 years and attracts masses of tourists every year. In this regard, however, it should be noted that the Sphinx was buried under sand until the 19th century. Only the head of the imposing construction protruded. Characteristic of the reclining lion with a human head is above all the severed nose of the statue. The smallest pyramid, on the other hand, is the Mykerinos pyramid, which was built by the pharaoh Mykerinos as a burial place between 2540 and 2520 BC.

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Other exciting sights

Muhammad Ali Mosque, Cairo
Muhammad Ali Mosque in Cairo, Image: AlexAnton / shutterstock

But the region around Giza not only has the royal tombs and the Sphinx sculpture to offer, but also the Muhammad Ali Mosque, which is also known as the Alabaster Mosque, is a real attraction. This building, which is 1824 to 1884 years old, was built in the Ottoman style, but also has some Baroque elements. Equally impressive is the Citadel of Saladin, considered one of the world’s largest monuments of medieval warfare. The fortress is located in an east-southeast direction from Cairo’s center. Another fascinating sight is the Hanging Church, which is one of the oldest churches in Egypt. This church, built in the style of Coptic architecture, is best known for its 110 icons, with a particular focus on the Virgin Mary in the main altar.

Attractions around Giza

Those interested in culture should also definitely pay a visit to the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization. Here you can marvel at a remarkable collection of about 50,000 artifacts. For art enthusiasts, the Egyptian Museum Cairo is also recommended, which is equipped with breathtaking works from different eras. If, on the other hand, you are looking for a real spectacle, you should visit the pyramids in the evening hours.

Here, tourists can expect the Giza light show, where the pyramid complexes are wrapped in colorful light with the help of a laser show. Admirers of architecture can also book a tour of the temples and statues in Saqqara and Memphis . Another excursion option in Giza is an exciting desert tour.

Questions & answers about Giza

  1. Where is Giza? Giza is located in Egypt, about 20 kilometers southwest of the capital Cairo.
  2. What is Giza known for? Giza is known worldwide for the Giza Pyramids, which are among the oldest and largest pyramids in Egypt. The most famous pyramid is the Great Pyramid, also known as the Pyramid of Cheops, as well as the Sphinx of Giza.
  3. What are the main attractions in Giza? The main attractions in Giza are the Pyramids of Giza, including the Great Pyramid, the Pyramid of Chephren, and the Pyramid of Mykerinos. The Sphinx of Giza, a monumental sculpture featuring the body of a lion and the head of a human, is also a major attraction.
  4. How to visit Giza? Visitors can either explore Giza on their own or join organized tours. Most tourists choose a guided tour to learn about the history and significance of the pyramids and the Sphinx. There are also various tour packages that include transportation from Cairo to Giza, as well as entrance fees to the archaeological sites.
  5. When is the best time to visit Giza? The best time to visit Giza is during the months of October to April, when the weather is mild and the temperatures are pleasant. The summer months from May to September can be extremely hot and may not be the best time to visit outdoors.
  6. Are there any safety concerns for tourists in Giza? The safety of tourists in Giza depends on the current political and social situation in Egypt. It is advisable to check your home country’s travel advice and consider any potential safety concerns. Usually, the archaeological sites in Giza are well guarded and visited by many tourists from all over the world.
  7. What other things are there to do near Giza? There are other archaeological sites near Giza, such as the Valley of the Kings in Luxor or the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. In addition, boat trips on the Nile, visits to traditional bazaars and exploration of Cairo’s vibrant culture are available.
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If you don’t want to spend the whole holiday in the greater Cairo area, you should still not miss a day trip to Giza. After all, the pyramids are considered the symbol of Egypt. Likewise, travelers in Giza are taken into the mysterious world of the pharaohs, so that one or the other exciting detail can certainly be learned. The best time to visit Giza is from March to May. September to November are also an option. Consequently, the particularly dry summer months can be avoided.